James CrawfordA New Focus

For more than 20 years as a writer, lecturer, and advocate, I have specialized in the politics of language. This web site has highlighted that work, while reporting on the English Only movement, bilingual education, Native American language revitalization, minority language rights, demographic data on language usage, and related issues. My original aim was to inform and elevate the discussions surrounding language policy – or lack thereof – in the U.S.A. That will continue. But the site will now emphasize my own writing. For reports on current developments, please visit the Institute for Language and Education Policy, a nonprofit organization I helped to found in 2006 that is devoted to research-based advocacy for English language learners.

Please note my new URL – www.languagepolicy.net – and update your browser. All previous posts – detailing research and events of the past two decades – remain on the site. To access them, simply click on the Archives button.

Reprints Available

Most of the material on this site may be downloaded at no charge. Other articles and book chapters are available for a reprint fee (secure transaction via PayPal) based on the number of pages and copies desired.

Other Books by James Crawford

Educating ELLs Educating English Learners:
Language Diversity in the Classroom

5th Edition (formerly Bilingual Education: History, Politics, Theory and Practice; BES, 2004)
Table of Contents & Permissions
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"By far the most complete, the most thorough, and the most insightful volume of its kind ever done in the field."
– Stephen Krashen

Advocating for English Learners Advocating for English Learners:Advocating
Selected Essays
Advocating for ELLs
(Multilingual Matters, 2008)
Table of Contents & Permissions


"Valuable insights on language policy in the education of immigrant children ... A compelling book to read."
Theresa Austin, Teachers College Record

At War At War with Diversity:
U.S. Language Policy in an Age of Anxiety

(Multilingual Matters, 2000)
Table of Contents & Permissions


"A valuable book for any language-minority education professional who yearns for a better understanding of the political nature and the ongoing debates surrounding language policy in the United States."
Harvard Educational Review

Hold Your Tongue Hold Your Tongue:
Bilingualism and the Politics of English Only

(Addison-Wesley, 1992) *** STILL IN PRINT!!! ***
Table of Contents


"Rich in anecdotes, majestic in its sweep and scope ... A ground-breaking study of the English Only movement."
– Henry Cisneros

Language Loyalties Language Loyalties:
A Source Book on the Official English Controversy 

(University of Chicago Press, 1992)
Table of Contents


"Truly superb. ... Belongs on the shelf of every person even mildly interested in the political struggle over language."
– Sanford Levinson, The Nation

FarCry - Mollio